Powys Family History Society

Extracts from Some 'Cronicl Powys' Issues


Cronicl 35

"ER COF AM . . . "

Reading weathered memorial inscriptions (MIs) can be difficult enough when written in one's mother tongue,
but for those whose Welsh is a little rusty, the problems are doubled when confronted by "yr iaith paradwys".
The following notes cover about 95 percent of the wording found on South Powys gravestones.


Er cof amIn memory ofEr cof parchus amIn revered memory of
Er serchus cof amIn beloved memory ofEr cof annwyl amIn loving memory of
Er coffadwriaeth amIn remembrance ofYma gorweddHere lies
Er cofiant amIn a memorial toMewn gobaith o'r atgyfodiadIn hope of resurrection


Mab/FabSon (of) Merch/FerchDaughter (of)
Tad/Dad/Nhad/ThadFather (of) Mam/FamMother (of)
Gwr/WrHusband Gwraig/WraigWife
WyrGrandson WyresGrandaughter
Tadcu (Bre)Grandfather Mamgu (Bre)Grandmother
Taid (Mgy)Grandfather Nain (Mgy)Grandmother
RhieniParents Priod/BriodSpouse
Maban/BabanBaby Mabanod/BabanodBabies


o plwyf hwn of this parish o'r dref hwn of this town
ym mhlwyf LlanX in the parish of LlanX o'r pentref hon of this village
gynt o Cwmscwt formerly of Cwmscwt


There are too many to list, but if given, usually follows the name - for example:

John Jones dilledyddJ J clothier John Jones saer coed/maen/llechJ J carpenter/stonemason/slater
Y Parchedig John JonesThe Rev.J J am X o flynyddoeddfor X years


yr hwn (male) / hon (female) a fu farw who died bu farwdied
yr hwn/hon a ymadawodd a fuchedd honwho departed this life claddwydwas buried
yr hwnna/honna hunodd yn yr Arglwyddwho fell asleep in the Lord


The terminal abbreviations sometimes following ordinal numbers may assist in deciphering the figures preceeding them.
Unfortunately, two systems were used in Breconshire (and probably throughout Wales). The commoner is:


Less commonly, all the 20s and 30s end in "ain" - eg 25ain, also "fed" is sometimes contracted to "ed", or even "d".

The Months

1: Ionawr2: Chwefror3: Mawrth4: Ebrill5: Mai6: Mehefin
7: Gorffennaf8: Awst9: Medi10: Hydref11: Tachwedd12: Rhagfyr


Yn y flwyddyn XXin the year XX


yn X mlwydd oedX years old yn X mis/fis oedX months old
yn flwydd ac 8 mis oedone year and 8 months old


HefydAlso EtoAlso


am y diweddar J J for the late J Jfel y ganlynas follows
tynertender yr hwn/honhe/she
rhagddywededigaforementioned yr uchodthe above

article by David Leitch



Cronicl 39


together with a reference to Howel Harris (from an old manuscript)


Ruled Out in 1402!

Cronicl 40

Pigot’s North Wales Directory 1828


Search Machynlleth Inhabitants List:


Cronicl 42


(on behalf of FFHS)

Lord Teviot kindly raised questions on behalf of the Federation of Family History Societies in the House of Lords recently and replies were received from Lord Macintosh of Haringey on behalf of HM Treasury who in turn referred the questions to the Director of the Office of National Statistics (ONS).

The first question posed asked when researchers can consult the 1911 and 1921, 1951-1991 Census Returns and whether the Government plans to review the prescription of closure periods of the Census returns.

The 1901 and 1911 Census Returns are held by the PRO. The 1921 and subsequent Census Returns are in the custody of the Registrar General. The Returns are subject to the Public records Act 1958 and are closed for public inspection for 100 years. The Economic Secretary to the Treasury has recently considered a case for early release for the purposes of genealogical research but is of the opinion that whilst such release would be of historical interest and commercial value to researchers, the maintenance of "public Confidence in the Census is paramount". The Government also feels it would be unwise to amend retrospectively the period of closure "as the creditability of assurances about recent and future censuses would be affected" if the Government was seen to depart from previous assurances.

The second question concerned the Government's intention with regard to the possible destruction of original Census material held by the Registrar General and if any decision had been taken to microfilm original records and, if so, whether the originals would be retained and preserved. The reply given is that no decision on microfilming Census Returns which are presently held by the Registrar General has been taken, nor has any decision been taken on the permanent retention and preservation of original records.

The third question concerns the retention of the Returns as public records and their preservation. The 1911 Returns are held by and in the custody of the Public Record Office. The 1901 Returns are presently being microfilmed and will be released for public gaze in the year 2002. The 1921, 1951 and 1961 Returns are retained by the Registrar General and have not been deposited with the PRO. There are no plans to deposit them at present. The 1971-1991 Returns are equally retained by the Registrar General but because they are not yet 30 years old are not treated as public records.

The 1921-1961 Returns will be preserved permanently if they are selected for preservation and if the Lord Chancellor agrees that they should be preserved. At present the Registrar General seeks permission every 10 years to retain the Returns. There are discussions presently ongoing between the Registrar General and the PRO on how such records could be preserved. The Federation intends to ask that it be consulted before any final decisions are taken and will be raising the issue at a forthcoming BGRUC meeting which will be attended by the PRO and ONS.
FHN&D Newsflash Sept 97


Cronicl 42


at the Breconshire Quarter Sessions

(from an old paper)

Thomas Daniel, of Ystradfellte, having noticed that the milk of his father’s cows was in the course of last summer of a very extraordinary appearance, he believed it to be affected by witchcraft. Accordingly he went, by his father’s orders, to the defendant, Daniel Jones, at Llanafan Fawr, who immediately said it was the effect of witchcraft, and that he would prevent it.

Witness then went to him again, and he promised he would be sure to put the milk right, and that he should see who did the mischief to it. Then he again looked into his book, and described the person of a woman, who, he said, was a witch. Defendant again directed the witness to use the same charm as before, and with the addition of two horse-shoes, having three nails in each of them. Witness then paid the defendant 2s 6d. This having failed in success, defendant said he must be on the spot before he could effect the cure; and fixed a time to be at his father’s house, desiring witness to inform the neighbours of his coming, and that he could tell fortunes and recover lost and stolen goods.

Defendant afterwards came to his father’s house, and remained there four days; during which he pretended, by various means - having generally a book before him - to find out the witch. He said there was a conjuring book of his at Glynllech, which he would give five guineas to have restored to him.

The result of the trial is not given in the old paper, but the jurors presented a True Bill.
from "Historical Memoranda of Breconshire" Vol II, John Lloyd, London 1904

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Powys Family History Society, registered charity number 511875.

This page is maintained by Mike Hall and was last revised on 31 March 1998.